Interest of renewable energy or bio-fuel especially bio-ethanol which can be classified as cleaner, greener, sustainable, carbon sequestration to comply carbon credit, negative energy balance, environmentally friendly, very minimum soil degradation, ecologically harmless and possibility replacement of fossil fuel has continued to grow dramatically throughout the whole world. The demand is increasing due to fossil fuel depletion & and unclean burning which produces greenhouse gas and pollutants emission that created global warming and climatic changes.

Present resources for producing bio-ethanol is still in doubt either it is green, environmentally friendly and achieved carbon credit with Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) requirement to comply with Kyoto Protocol (LULUCF) if the resources plantation and related activities and the production process should take consideration. Another factor is either world had enough productive and non-deforestation land for plantation of fuel crops to fully accommodate present/ future world energy demand, but at the same time not creating crisis either crops for fuel or for energy.

Food and Agricultural Organization of  the United  Nations  (FAO) has  declared the Nypa palm as  a  non-threatened and underutilized palm in  South Asia. Therefore, abundant Nypa  palms are available for sap collection purposes in this region.  

Stakeholder of

IP No WO2007083990

United Nations

Nypa Palm Intellectual Property Owners (NIPO) is very proud to announce that nypa-based ethanol industrialization from its land preparation, plantation, fertilization and other agricultural inputs, harvesting, transportation, processing, by-products utilization, wastewater treatment and utilization to the ethanol as bio-energy or liquid fuel is a technological breakthrough that fully comply to the world environment and energy requirement to make our earth safe, peaceful and happy to live (Comply with Institute of Copernicus Criteria) since 2006.

Criterias by Institute of Copernicus, Dutch, 2006

  1. GHG Balance:

Must have a net emission reduction by ≥ 30% in 2007 and ≥ 50% in 2011

  1. Competition with food supply, local energy supply, medicines and building materials:

Supply is not allowed to decrease

  1. Biodiversity:

No decline of protected areas or valuable ecosystem, also active protection f local ecosystem in 2011

  1. Wealth:

No negative effect on regional and national economy in 2007, and active ontribution increase  of local wealth in 2011

  1. Welfare:

Labour  condition,  human right, property and  use rights, social condition of local population and integrity (i.e. no bribery)

  1. Environment:

Waste management, use of agro-chemicals (incl fertilizers) prevention of soil erosion and soil depletion, preservation of surface and ground water, airborne mission and use of GMOs

Nypa Palm Intellectual Property Owners (NIPO) is confidently believed that  nypa-based ethanol advanced technological breakthrough not only save the world by producing adequate world energy demand  and requirement, solution to reduce temperature degree that related to global warming and environmental pollutants, but also creates new commodity and agro-industry for lifting wealth of agro-based and end the fossil fuel energy reliant.

At present, Nypa Palm Intellectual Property Owners (NIPO) are planning and ready to develop environmentally friendly and zero waste agro-industry of the whole package from plantation to bio-refineries for the production of bio ethanol from nypa palm to meet the worlds insist. Furthermore the multi advantages of Nypa Palm industries shall cope the 17 United Nations SDG's starting from Nypa Palm Integrated Farm (NPIF) until Advanced Intelligence Environmental Friendly Industries (AIEFI) for the better world requisition on energy, food, water, health & economy of today, tomorrow and future of our children children's.

Currently the global ethanol supply is produced mainly from sugar and starch feedstocks. Sugar crops accounts for 61% of the total ethanol production while 39% is from starch feedstocks. The main feedstocks for ethanol at present are sugarcane juice in Brazil, and corn starch in the US. However, growing these feedstocks rely heavily on non-renewable fossil fuels and exploitation of forest lands which has negative social and environmental impacts.

Furthermore, the collection for sugar source is usually practiced after cutting down the plant as in sugarcane which consequently produces large biomass waste such as straw, leafs and tops as well as bagasse as residue after juice extraction.

Nypa Palm too, have been a better sugar prospective. Two important products of palms are sap and starch. The former is often consumed as fresh beverage, fermented to alcohol or vinegar and even consumed as sugar, whereas the latter is used as staple food. Main sugar-yielding Nypa palm (Nypa fructicans), are believed to produce more nutritious sugars than sugarcane . On palms, however, only the infructescence is cut off and the stalk tapped daily to obtain its sugar saps until the stalk shortens or no more sap is produced from the stalk.

However, tapping of palm stalks could be a challenge, e.g., in coconut palm, the stalks could be over 10 m in height and a tapper has to climb to such extent to obtain the saps. Conversely, in the case of Nypa palm, it lacks an upright stem, with leaves and inflorescences  arising  from a branched  rootstock. The  palm  develops  a  globose infructescence, at a height of about 1 m, which makes tapping for sap relatively easy.

Saps are generally collected from stalks bearing young or mature infructescence. The cut infructescence is generally consumed as local dessert. Therefore, tapping results in no biomass wastes and does not have any deleterious effect on the palm growth.


Nypa Palm Integrated Farm (NPIF) is a entire farm management system which endeavor to distribute more on sustainable agriculture & aquaculture products and by products. It is a lively advanced which can be adapted to every farming system around the globe. It involves attention to detail and continuous improvement in all areas of a farming business through our technology knowledge's  managing processes. Integrated Farming combines the best of advance & modern tools and technologies mixing with traditional practices accordingly base on site and condition.

In simple words, it means using many ways of nurturing development whether small, medium or large space of land.

Being bound to 17 Sustainable Development Goals, the underlying dimensions of Industry innovation and structures, zero pollution on responsible consumption and production, human good health and well being, boosting naturally life below water (fish, prawn, crab, molluscs, etc) & life on land productions (cereals, vegetables, herbs, flora, honey, cow, buffalo, horse, goat chicken, ducks etc) creating various decent jobs as integrated farmer & fisher to overcome poverty and hunger, affecting local economic growth & social development especially on high income and quality education, environmental friendly & protection and so much more are thoroughly considered in the practical implementation of Nypa Palm Integrated Farming.

Kyoto Protocol

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